The agri-food sector is widely recognized as being responsible for a large share of the environmental impacts caused by human activity, when the full life cycle 'from farm to table and end-of-life' is taken into account.
A product Life Cycle Assessment includes all the production processes and services associated with the product through its life cycle, including the production of the materials which are used in the manufacture of the product. In this way, the manufacturing sector has a huge part to play in Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment.
The increase of CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere and its consequences are mainly caused by the use of fossil fuels. Although biofuels are renewable alternatives to fossil fuels only a life cycle approach can quantify its relative merits.
European waste policy aims to reduce the negative environmental impacts of waste generation and management, and to contribute to an overall reduction of the environmental impact of the use of resources.
Retail and other activities between the life cycle stages are included where relevant. The life cycle of a product is hence identical to the complete supply-chain of the product plus its use and end-of-life treatment.